On 25 May, 2012, during the 13th session of this second cycle of the Working Group of the Human Rights Council (HRC) in Geneva, the Brazilian State will be examined for the second time regarding the situation of human rights in the country, in the context of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
The UPR is a mechanism of the Human Rights Council which regularly monitors the compliance in each of the 193 UN Member States with their human rights obligations and commitments. All Member States of the United Nations must undergo this multilateral examination every four and a half years. It aims to improve the situation of human rights on the ground.
The examination is conducted by a working group composed of 47 Member States of the HRC, with the help of a troika of three members selected by States, which prepares the final report and bases its exam on three key documents (found here):
A key part of this review is the three-and-a-half-hour interactive dialogue set forth in the Working Group on the UPR between the State examined and other Member States and UN observers. During this dialogue, Member States may raise questions and make recommendations to the State under review.
The result will be a report consisting of a summary of the proceedings of the review process, findings and/or recommendations, and the voluntary commitments by the State under review.
Webcast of the UPR sessions